Posts made in June, 2014

What Are The Types Of Intellectual Property Rights In Singapore?

Posted by on Jun 1, 2014 in General | 0 comments

What Are The Types Of Intellectual Property Rights In Singapore?

  TRADE MARKS A trade mark is a recognisable word, slogan, design or combination thereof, used by to distinguish the goods and services of one business from those of their competitors. The sign must fulfil certain conditions in order to be protected as a trade mark or other type of mark. It must be distinctive, and must not mislead or deceive customers. It must also not violate public order or morality. Further, the sign that is to be registered as a trade mark must not be identical or similar to that of existing trade marks. In this regard, a trade mark can be used as a marketing tool as customers will relate it to a badge of origin for goods and services offered. Using a trade mark is essential in the aspect of building goodwill and reputation, and it conveys to customers a certain assurance to the nature of the products and services they purchase. Trade mark protection ensures that the owners of marks have the exclusive right to use them to identify goods or services, or to authorize others to use them in return for consideration. Period of protection: indefinite. Renewal due: every 10 years from date of application. Some examples of famous trade marks are Starbucks, Macdonalds, MTV, and Volkswagen. PATENTS A patent essentially protects how a product works, what the product does, how a process is done, or what a product is made of. For an invention to be patentable it must satisfy the following criteria, the invention must be novel and not known publicly, the invention must have an inventive step over an existing product or process and lastly, the invention must be capable of industrial application. A patent grants the owner of an invention the exclusive right to prevent others from unauthorised manufacturing, using, importing or selling of their invention. Patent owners may give permission to, or license, other parties to use their inventions on mutually agreed terms. Owners may also sell their invention rights to someone else, who then becomes the new owner of the patent. Period of protection: Up a maximum of 20 years. First annuity due: for the 5th year of the patent, and must be paid prior to the expiry of the fourth year from the date of filing of the patent. Annuities due: annually from the 5th year of the patent. Thereafter, renewal fees are payable within the 3 months before the anniversary of the date of filing the patent. Note: However where a patent is granted after 45 months from the date of filing of the patent, any renewal fees which have become due are payable within 3 months from the date on which the patent is granted. Some examples of patents: 1. A process that gives a technical solution to a problem; 2. New method of doing things; 3. The composition of a product; 4. A technical improvement on how certain products work. INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS Industrial design refers to the shape, configuration, colours, pattern, ornament, texture of a product. An industrial design right protects the overall or part of the visual appearance of a product and protection can be said to be given to the way the product looks. To qualify for registration, a design must be new and non-functional and must not be registered or published in the public domain. Period of protection: maximum of 15 years. Renewal due: every 5 years. Some examples of a design: You can register a three-dimensional product, such as the shape of a Coca-Cola bottle, or design of a jewellery set. You can also register a two-dimensional ornament, for example...

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